Jun Yokogawa's Ph.D. thesis
Discrete X-ray Sources in the Small Magellanic Cloud
- Tracing the Star Forming Activity -
last revised on 2002/03/26
Printable formats (pdf, ps) are here.
Poster presentation of the final report (in Japanese; ppt file) is here.
Some more color figures will be uploaded soon (hopefully...).
The Advanced Satellite for Cosmology and Astrophysics (ASCA) has made
22 observations on the Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC)
by the end of the mission.
We performed systematic analyses
on all of these observation data and
made comprehensive catalogues.
We detected 106 discrete sources with a criterion of S/N >5.
The source positions were determined with
an ~40" error radius (90% confidence)
for sources detected
in the central 20' radius of the GIS.
We detected coherent pulsations from 17 sources.
Among them, eight were newly discovered during this study.
We classified most of these pulsars as X-ray binary pulsars (XBPs)
based on their properties such as flux variability.
X-ray emission was detected from eight supernova remnants (SNRs).
Among them, five SNRs showed emission lines in their spectra,
hence we regarded the five as thermal.
We find that XBPs and thermal SNRs in the SMC
can be clearly separated by their spectral hardness ratio.
Applying this empirical law to faint (thus unclassified) sources,
we find 20 XBP candidates and four thermal SNR candidates.
We find the spatial distributions of the XBPs and thermal SNRs
(including candidates) resemble the distribution
of young stars with ages ~ 2 x 10^7 yr.
We compare the source populations in the SMC and in our Galaxy
and discuss the star forming activity of the SMC.
X-ray image of the SMC (left) and LMC (right)
Click to get larger images!
Two color X-ray images of the SMC (left) and LMC (right;
taken from Nishiuchi's Ph.D. thesis (2001)) taken with ASCA.
Red and blue indicate X-rays in the
soft (0.7-2.0 keV) and
hard (2.0-7.0 keV) bands, respectively.
Most of the "blue" or "red" sources are
X-ray binary pulsars (XBPs) or thermal supernova remnants (SNRs),
Many XBPs are found in the SMC while
many thermal SNRs are found in the LMC.
Send your requests, comments, etc. to
Jun Yokogawa (firstname.lastname@example.org).
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